about a government shutdown as a product, i think, of the debt ceiling debate. i don't like the concept of using the debt ceiling as a negotiating tool because the debt ceiling is a process by which you authorize payment for spending you've already taken on, you've already approved. but a month after our debt ceiling debate, we have an actual government shutdown proposal, that is, a proposal to keep funding the government over the next six months. very short-term measure. why does that exist? l.z. said, why do we keep putting those out there? it's because two reasons. the government has not passed a budget for four years. budgets are just policy plans. they don't actually authorize spending. still it shows some responsibility, and the government's neglected to do that for almost four years. in the short term, the senate has also not taken up the responsibility of passing appropriations bills. those that actually authorize spending. so we have these short-term government funding mechanisms. you did the story, i'm sure, six months ago, carol, a year ago, over government shutdowns, and we'